A hematologist is a physician who specializes in the study, diagnosis and treatment of diseases related to the blood, bone marrow and blood-forming organs such as the spleen and lymph nodes.
The primary role of a hematologist is to diagnose and treat diseases of the blood, such as anemias, leukemias, lymphomas, multiple myelomas and blood clotting disorders. Hematologists work closely with other medical specialists, such as oncologists, radiologists and surgeons, to develop a comprehensive treatment plan for each patient.
Hematologists may perform blood tests and other diagnostic tests, such as bone marrow biopsies, to determine the cause of symptoms and assess the extent of the disease. They also prescribe medications, fertility treatments or stem cell transplants to treat blood diseases.
In addition to treating disease, hematologists may also work on research and development of new treatments and therapies for blood diseases. They may also advise patients on preventive measures to reduce their risk of developing blood diseases, such as a healthy lifestyle and regular checkups.